Music and Art
Bernardo De Muro
Bernardo De Muro, affectionately nicknamed by his fellow citizens ‘Birraldinu’, was born in Tempio November 3rd,1881.
He started singing as a self-taught person, songs of his land. In 1902, at the urging of close friend Gavino Gabriel, leaves Tempio to go to Rome and to make an admission examination to the Conservatory of Santa Cecilia that exceed with honors.
His debut came in 1910, at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome, interpreting Turiddu in Cavalleria rusticana, famous opera by Pietro Mascagni, conducted by Tullio Serafin; in 1911-1912 he will debut at the Teatro La Scala in Milan, always with a ‘work of Mascagni, Isabeau. After, will sing in several Italian theatres, getting an extraordinary success.
In 1913 Bernardo De Muro starts his lucky travel abroad, where he plays in the most important theatres of the most significant works of Italian and foreign masters.
Hired in November 1924 for a series of concerts in Lima, he met the American soprano Elena Wait Graham. The two married in 1927 from their marriage was born the daughter Joanna Helena, nicknamed Dina.
From his repertoire prefers: Isabeau, Cavalleria Rusticana, Aida, Il Trovatore, Carmen and la Fanciulla del West. The vocal power of the Tempio’s tenor were narrated various legends: it seems that during a concert in the community hall of Tempio one of his acute cracked the windows of City Hall; another said that at La Scala in Milano with his powerful voice broke a window.
After starring in Aida at the Brooklyn Academy in New York on October 15, 1944 he retires from the scene. He died in Rome on October 27, 1955, leaving a discography of great interest and a memoir entitled “ Quando ero Folco” (‘When I was Folco’).
His remains lie in the cemetery of Tempio in a unique pyramid tomb made in granite stone, designed by himself.
The city dedicated to his memory a stadium and a city avenue.
Banda Musicale Tempio Pausania
Musical Band “City of Tempio” origins, date back to the period after the Second World War, when a group of fifty amateur musicians founded for the first time a city band, directed by Francesco Azara, based in the sacristy of San Francesco Church.
During the sixties, the direction was entrusted to the maestro Salvatore Rau, the new headquarters located in the premises adjacent to the church of San Giuseppe; in the late sixties the band broke up, to be reconstituted in 1980 in the presence of major local authorities and the Mayor. The direction was given to the master Masino Azara, son of the founder Master, based in the spaces below the Vecchio Caseggiato, also marking the entry of women in the town band.
Over time there have been many masters: Lorenzo Sanna, the young Fabrizio Ruggero and Alfonso Ruggero, who currently heads the association during traveling exhibitions.The artistic and musical direction is entrusted to Daniele Ricciu, professional musician and virtuous saxophone.
Currently the band is composed of thirty elements of all ages. In addition to enliven the celebrations of the city, it took part in several bands meeting and music events.
Gavino Gabriel was a musicologist, a popular traditions lover of all the Italian regions especially that of Sardinia, with particular regard to Gallura.
Born in Tempio, August 15, 1881, he graduated in Pisa in 1905. In 1910, he went to London to deliver a series of lectures about the Sardinian musical folklore and between 1913 and 1914 to “Filangieri” of Turin and “Lyceum” of Milan is presented La Jura, an opera that tells a story related to the agro-pastoral world set between 1810 and 1820 among Gallura. His work received numerous positive reviews. He also wrote a Gallura suite for string quartet on islanders themes.
After the war experience that saw him busy as an infantry officer, He come back in Gallura and selected the five tasjadori of Aggius, which were presented in 1910 at the Teatro Quirino in Rome. Gavino Gabriel defined Gallura songs as sweet and harmonious as its landscape, making the first recordings and classifying different types of song, monadic and melodic songs. The term Tasgia does not have corresponding in Italian, we can say that Tasgia is synonymous with grace and harmony. Polyphony of Gallura consists of five singing voices: boci or tinori, contra, trippi, falsittu and grossu or bassu.
In these years he met Gabriele d’Annunzio, making a close friend ship with him, the bard called Gavino Gabriel as “Sardo, of the best of breed”.
Between ’22 and ’25 he will be strongly involved in the study and collaborations with important personalities. In 1932 he was appointed State Record Director, which he previously established with Rodolfo De Angelis, he interviewed many personalities, including Luigi Pirandello, Grazia Deledda and Giovanni Gentile. Always for the State Record, he recorded a collection of Sardinian Songs, personally directing the group ‘I cinque Aggesi’.
In 1936 he was appointed as journalist of The New Eritrea newspaper, remaining in the new colony for about twenty years. During this period he collaborated with the Italian government in Eritrea as a interpreter and consultant.
He will return to Italy in 1953 where he resumed his non-fiction activities.
He spent the last years of his life in Rome, where he died on November 28, 1980.
In Tempio there are two choirs that are named Gavino Gabriel, and to him the city of Tempio dedicated a plaque applied in the main facade of the town hall.